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Project Publications
While data is still being collected for these projects, results from earlier phases of our work on the Eastern Shore, in particular the Anthropology of Pfiesteria project, have already been published.  A list of these publications and abstracts, when available, is below.  Also included are numerous presentations by the researchers.
 
DelMarVa Farmer : The Art of Farming article available here.

Articles

2012  Local Cultural Models of Conservation and NGO Legitimacy. Priscilla Weeks, Jane Packard and Michael Paolisso. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. (forthcoming)

2011   Environmental Justice and Climate Change: Knowledge and Adaptation among African American Communities in the Chesapeake Bay Region.  Michael Paolisso, Ashley Enrici*, Paul Kirshen, Ellen Douglas and Matthias Ruth.  Weather, Climate and Society. (under review)

2011  A Cultural and Applied Analysis of Land Conservation. Michael Paolisso, Priscilla Weeks and Jane Packard.  Human Organization.  (under review)

2010 A Cultural Model Analysis of Chesapeake Bay Oyster Restoration.  Michael Paolisso and with Nicole Dery*. Human Organization.  Vol 69(2): 169-179. 

2010  Potential Climate Change Impacts on the Chesapeake Bay.  Raymond Najjar, Christopher Pyke, Mary Beth Adams, Denise Breitburg, Carl Hershner, Michael Kemp, Robert Howard, Margaret Mulholland, Michael Paolisso, David Secor, Kevin Sellner, Denice Wardrop and Robert Park).  Estuarine ,Coastal and Shelf Science 86:1-20.

2007    Taste the Traditions:  Crabs, Crab Cakes and the Chesapeake Bay Blue Crab Fishery.  Michael Paolisso.  American Anthropologist Vol. 109(4): 654-665.

2007    Cultural Models and Cultural Consensus of Chesapeake Bay Blue Crab and Oyster Fisheries. Michael Paolisso.  NAPA (National Association of Practicing Anthropologists) Bulletin 28: 123-133.

2006    Chesapeake Environmentalism:  Rethinking Culture to Strengthen Restoration and Resource Management. Michael Paolisso.  Chesapeake Perspectives Monographs, Maryland Sea Grant College. 

2006     The “Art of Farming:” Exploring the Link between Farm Culture and Maryland’s Nutrient Management Policies. R. Shawn Maloney* and Michael Paolisso.  Culture and Agriculture Vol.28(2): 80-96.

2006    Restoration of the Chesapeake Bay using a Non-Native Oyster:  Ecological and Fishery Considerations. Michael Paolisso, Nicole Dery* and Stan Herman*.  Human Organization Vol. 65(3):  253-267.

2006    Linking Estuarine Research to Local Community Heritage & Environmental Values:       Lessons from the Chesapeake Bay.  Lucinda Power and Michael Paolisso.  Practicing Anthropology 29(1): 29-34.


Hockett Sherlock, Stacey 
2002    Special Feature- Profile of Eldon Willing, Jr.  Watermen's Gazette 29(3):28. 

Madison, Mary and Stacey Hockett Sherlock 
2002    It's a Family Affair- Shedding Crabs in Maryland's Lower Bay.  Watermen's Gazette 29(8):3,22-23. 

Ritchie, Amanda and Michael Paolisso
2002  Anthropology on the Chesapeake Bay.  Watermen's Gazette 29(8): 24.

Paolisso, Michael
2002    Giving Voice to the Watermen.  College Park 13(1):5.

Paolisso, Michael 
2002    Blue Crabs and Controversy on the Chesapeake Bay: A Cultural Model for Understanding Watermen's Reasoning about Blue Crab Management.   Human Organization  61(3): 226-239.
Abstract:  Commercial fishers of the Chesapeake Bay, known throughout the region as watermen, have depended for centuries on the Bay's natural resources to support both their families and communities.  Recently, yield and population indicatiors have led marine scientists and natural resource managers to conclude that the blue crab population is at dangerously low levels and that reductions in commercial harvesting is key to protecting the blue crab.  Watermen agree that the blue crab fishery is under intense pressure and see a role for science and regulations in helping to sustain the fishery and their livelihoods, but they question the scientific knowledge and are critical of the governmental regulations.  Watermen's knowledge, beliefs, and values have not been explored for their potential as an alternative or complement to scientific and regulatory approaches to addressing problems of the blue crab fishery.  This paper uses a cognitive anthropology approach to enrich our understanding of watermen's cultural and ecological knowledge, and to analyze that knowledge in order to identify a cultural model of watermen's reasoning about blue crab management.

Paolisso, Michael and Erve Chambers 
2001    Culture, Politics, and Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms:  The Anthropology of Pfiesteria.  Human Organization 60(1): 1-12. 

Abstract:  Applied anthropologists have joined forces with biological scientists in studying the community and health effects of toxic dinoflagellate blooms.  This paper presents findings from a number of investigations of the cultural, political, and health consequences of Pfiesteria blooms.  We argue that a unique role for applied anthropology is to identify the cultural models of pollution and health that individuals draw upon to understand complex environmental problems such as dinoflagellate blooms.  We also argue that anthropology must consider the political factors that sharpen stakeholder interest in environmental events and that lead to competeing policies and initiatives for natural resource management and use.  We review prior studies dealing with Pfiesteria, discuss our field research, and conclude with recommendations for applying a holistic approach to the study of blooms and related environmental problems.

Paolisso, Michael and R. Shawn Maloney
2001 Building a Constituency for Applied Anthropology.  Practicing Anthropology 23(3):42-46.

Paolisso, Michael and R. Shawn Maloney 
2000    Farmer Morality and Maryland's Nutrient Management Regulations.  Culture and Agriculture 22(3): 32-39. 

Paolisso, Michael and R. Shawn Maloney
2000    Recognizing Farmer Environmentalism: Nutrient Runoff and Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms in the Chesapeake Bay Region.  Human Organization 59(2): 209-221.

Abstract:  Environmental anthropology can help make explicit the roles of beliefs, values, and experiences in the formation of cultural models.  These cultural models allow individuals to understand complex environmental problems confronting their communities and threatening their livelihoods.  We present results from an ongoing anthropological study of environment and pollution on Maryland's lower Eastern Shore of the Chesapeake Bay.  We first notice how farmers view themselves as equally if not more concerned about the evironment than urban residents and identify key cultural themes or schemas that underlie farmer environmentalism.  Next, we compare the views of farmers and environmental professionals on Pfiesteria through correspondence analysis of key terms.  In contrast to existing public opinion, farmers and environmental professionals are similar in their general knowledge and views on Pfiesteria.  We conclude with arguments for integrating farmer environmentalism into ongoing programs and policies to control nutrient runoff and improve water quality in the Chesapeake Bay region.

Paolisso, Michael, R. Shawn Maloney, and Erve Chambers
2000    Cultural Models of Environment and Pollution.  Anthropology News 41(2): 48-49.

Paolisso, Michael
1999  Toxic Algal Blooms, Nutrient Runoff, and Farming on Marylandís Eastern Shore. Culture and Agriculture 21(3): 53-58.

 

Book Chapters

Paolisso, Michael
2002 
Weather, Blue Crabs and Chesapeake Bay Watermen:  Implications for Harvest Strategies and Fishery Management Policies.  In Ben Orlove and Sarah Strauss (eds.) Weather, Climate and Culture. Berg.  (in press)

 

Other Publications

Paolisso, Michael and Erve Chambers
2002  Applying Consensus and Cultural Models to Improve Environmental Decision-Making.  Proceedings of the 2002 Decision-Making and Valuation for Environmental Policy Progress Review Workshop.  March,  Washington, D.C.  Pgs. 12-13.

Hockett Sherlock, Stacey 
2001, 2002    Skipjack Heritage Exhibit, Skipjack Races and Land Festival.  Deal Island, MD, August 2001 and 2002. 

Paolisso, Michael and Stacey Hockett Sherlock, compilers
2001    Profiles of Skipjacks, Skipjack Captains, and Community Members.  Compiled for the 42nd Annual Skipjack Races and Land Festival.  Deal Island, MD, 2001. 

 

Papers Presented

Hockett Sherlock, Stacey 
2002    Heritage Resources on Maryland's Lower Eastern Shore.  Paper presented at the Society for Applied Anthropology Annual Meetings.  Atlanta, Georgia, March 7, 2002. 

 

Hockett Sherlock, Stacey 
2002    Women Working in Maryland's Blue Crab Fishery.  Paper presented at the Graduate Research Interaction Day, University of Maryland.  College Park, MD, April 11, 2002. 

 

Ritchie, Amanda and Michael Paolisso 
2002    A Collaborative Learning Approach to Environmental Conflict Management: The Case of Maryland's Blue Crab Fishery.  Presentation for the Chesapeake Bay Fellows Program, May 2002. 

Paolisso, Michael
2002  Blue Crabs and Controversy on the Chesapeake Bay:  A Cultural  Model for Understanding Watermenís Reasoning about Blue Crab Management.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology, Atlanta Georgia, March 7, 2002

Paolisso, Michael and Stacey Hockett Sherlock 
2002    Gender, Family, and Work in Maryland's Blue Crab Fishery.  Paper presented at the Demography and Inequality Seminar Series.  Univerrsity of Maryland, College Park, MD, April 12, 2002. 

Paolisso, Michael
2001  Weather, Blue Crabs and Chesapeake Bay Watermen:  Implications for Harvest Strategies and Fishery Management Policies.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of   the American Anthropological Association, Washington, D.C, November.

Paolisso, Michael
2001  Culture, Commercial Crabbers and Resource Managers on the Chesapeake Bay.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology,  Merida, Mexico, March.

Paolisso, Michael
2000  Poultry Farming, Nutrient Runoff and Toxic Algal Blooms on Marylandís Eastern Shore.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology.  San Francisco, California, April.

Paolisso, Michael
1999  Cultural Constructions of Environmental Problems: The Case of Pfiesteria Piscicida. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology.  Tucson, Arizona, April.

University of Maryland | Department of Anthropology | 1111 Woods Hall | College Park, MD 20742